Sediment Remediation

Providing solutions for all types of Sediment Remediation projects

Many factors go into the decision for a remedial design of contaminated sediments. CETCO can assist engineers with design evaluations and provide technical assistance with modeling cap life or potential stabilization or solidification mix designs. Regardless of the remedy, our technical team is able to assist.



Active capping

Traditional remediation methods for contaminated sediment, such as dredging and sand caps, may provide widely varying results due to environmental and operational factors. Active capping may offer advantages over these methods, and continue to gain acceptance worldwide.

Sediment capping designs include a chemical isolation layer of material over the contaminated sediment, reducing the potential for contaminant exposure by preventing resuspension and transport to other non-affected areas. Traditionally, a thick layer of clean sand served as the chemical isolation layer. While thick sand caps may function adequately in certain situations the thickness of sand required is not feasible for some sites. Reactive Core Mat® (RCM) provides a highly adsorptive attenuation layer reducing the overall thickness requirement in the cap design. CETCO offers RCM with various media, depending on the contaminants of concern.

In situ treatment

In situ stabilization allows for treatment of the contaminated sediments in place, reducing contaminant leaching into nearby water sources. Treating contaminated sediments on-site alleviates off-site transportation and disposal concerns and conserves landfill capacity, replacement fill, and fuel used in transportation.

Advantages over traditional Sediment Remediation methods

  • Better consistency of protection
  • No inaccuracy of mass removal techniques
  • Eliminates effects of mass removal upon downstream areas
  • Requires less space than traditional sand caps
  • Lower cost alternative to dredging and disposal


REACTIVE CORE MAT is a patented permeable composite mat consisting of reactive material(s) encapsulated in a non-woven core matrix bound between two geotextiles. The upper geotextile is a needle-punched, non-woven fabric that is heat-laminated to a matrix of nonwoven fibers needle-punched into a woven geotextile. Through its innovative processing, RCM can combine two active materials, if required.


CETCO PM-200 ORGANOCLAY® is a proprietary granular adsorption media effective in removing oils, greases other non-aqueous phase liquids (NAPL) and other dissolved high molecular weight/low solubility organics. Organoclay PM-200 is specially formulated for use in the following applications; Bulk Sediment Capping and in Permeable Reactive Barriers (PRBs).


CETCO PM-199 ORGANOCLAY® is a proprietary granular adsorption media effective in removing oils, greases other non-aqueous phase liquids (NAPL) and other dissolved high molecular weight/low solubility organics. Organoclay PM-199 is specially formulated for use in the following applications; Organophilic Filtration Media, Bulk Sediment Capping and as a Solidification/Stabilization additive


CETCO MRM ORGANOCLAY® is a sulfur-impregnated organophilic clay granular filtration media that adsorbs non-aqueous phase liquids (naPl) and dissolved low-solubility organics. It also sequesters mercury and arsenic from water.


REACTIVE CORE MAT APATITE is a permeable composite of geotextiles and a mineral that adsorbs and sequesters certain metals from water.


The TRITON MARINE MATTRESS System is used in conjunction with REACTIVE CORE MAT, a mat designed to sequester and treat contaminants within the sediment. The mattress is constructed of an advanced geogrid designed to be integrated with available fill and is used to simplify construction and provide protection in highly erosive conditions.


BENTOBLOCK® is natural sodium bentonite screened to 3/8 inch (0.95 cm) to 3/4 inch (1.90 cm) in size. BENTOBLOCK is certified to NSF/ANSI Standard 60, Drinking Water Treatment Chemicals - Health Effects.

BROS Superfund Site

Logan Township, New Jersey

Historical operations at the BROS Super-fund Site included waste oil storage, processing and disposal. The wastes, which contain heavy metals, PCBs, and other organic compounds, have seeped into the soil and contaminate surface waters and ground water supplying private drinking wells. The Site was placed on the Superfund National Priorities List in 1983. Remediation of the BROS Superfund Site was complex and required management of many interconnected issues.

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Collins Cove Sediment Cap

Beverly, Massachusetts, U.S.A

The Triton® Marine Mattresses by Tensar® was installed in a former manufactured gas plant (MGP) site to protect the underlying Reactive Core Mat®. This site is now protected against severe erosion caused by weather and waves.

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DNAPL Stabilization Using Organoclay

The Atlantic Wood Industries (AWI) site is approximately 48 acres of land on the industrialized waterfront of Portsmouth, Virginia, along the Southern Branch of the Elizabeth River. From 1926 to 1992, a woodtreating facility operated at the site using both creosote and pentachlorophenol (PCP).

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Grand Calumet River

East Chicago, Indiana, U.S.A

In 2009, clean up began on a one-mile stretch of the West Branch of the Grand Calumet River. This project involved the mechanical dredging and removal of 82,000 cubic yards of sediments and soils impacted with PAH, PCB, and various heavy metals. The estimated $33 million project was funded under the Great Lakes Legacy Act (GLLA), with the GLLA contributing to 65% of the overall project cost.

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Harbor Point Cap

Utica, New York, U.S.A

After dredging of a Utica, NY harbor was completed in 2010, investigations revealed residual concentrations of the primary constituents of concern, which included NAPL and PAHs. It was decided that a reactive cap solution should be incorporated into the remedial design to mitigate exposure risks.

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Island End Sediment Cap

Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A

The sediment cap project is situated on a former manufactured gas plant (MGP) site located adjacent to the Boston Harbor. Previous remedial work included dredge and disposal in CAD cell and cap. Persistent sheen resulting from gas ebullition was apparent.

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McCormick and Baxter Superfund

Portland, Oregon, U.S.A

The former McCormick and Baxter Creosoting Company is located in Portland, Oregon on the Willamette River. This Superfund Site encompasses approximately 41 acres of land and an additional 23 acres of contaminated sediment.

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Meco Drive

New Castle, Delaware, U.S.A

The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) and The Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC) solicited proposals for the remediation of a storm water ditch that was contaminated with heavy oils containing PCBs and PAHs. The ditch had seeps which were contributing to the contamination in the Little Mill Creek (the outfall for the ditch).

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Pine Street Canal

Burlington, Vermont, U.S.A.

A manufactured gas plant operated at the Pine Street Canal site from 1895 to 1966. The plant disposed of wastes from the gasification process, including coal tars, which migrated to a canal on the site. In addition, the sites’ history includes activities at a tie-treating facility resulting in DNAPL discharching to the subsurface. As part of many remedial efforts at the site, a sand cap was constructed in 2002 to cover contaminated sediments and restore nearby wetlands.

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Railroad Tie Treatment Facility

Escanaba, MI

The groundwater at a former creosote wood treating site was contaminated by non-aqueous phase liquid (NAPL). The contaminated groundwater was a threat to the nearby fresh water bay when NAPL and soluble organics were showing on the surface of the bay.

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Stryker Bay

Duluth, Minnesota, U.S.A

Stryker Bay was heavily polluted from the late 1800s through 1962. The harbor area was ringed with tar and coke plants, heavy industry and slaughterhouses that all discharged industrial waste into the water. The sediment in the bay, slips and part of the river is contaminated with mercury, polyaromatic hydrocarbons, lead and other toxins as well as a NAPL seep on the east side.

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West Doane Lake

Portland, OR

Clean-up action was approved by the DEQ for contaminated sediments in West Doane Lake at the former Rhone Poulenc pesticide manufacturing facility site located in Northwest Portland. The objectives of the remedial plan include protection for people and wildlife, and to reduce or eliminate potential leaching of contamination from sediment into the sediments.

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Zidell Barge Company

Portland, Oregon, U.S.A

Cleanup is required for land which was contaminated with a variety of chemicals as a result of ship construction, ship breaking, and barge construction at a site where heavy industrial use dates back to the early 1900’s. In addition to the site’s former industrial uses, several private and municipal storm sewer outfalls discharge directly to the Willamette river.

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